Where did the Mormon Trail start and end?
The Mormon Trail broke south just to the west of the Continental Divide, and it terminated to the southeast of the Great Salt Lake, in what is today Salt Lake City. The route was designated a national historic trail by the U.S. National Park Service. Mormons on their trek from Illinois to Utah, 1846.
Why did the Mormon Trail happen?
In 1846, Mormons left Nauvoo, Illinois because of religious persecution and traveled across Iowa, ending in Winter Quarters, Nebraska. On April 5, 1847, an advance company led by Brigham Young set off from Winter Quarters on their trek across the country, (1,040 miles) to a new home in the tops of the Rocky Mountains.
What was life like on the Mormon Trail?
The journey along the Mormon Trail (as it later became known) was treacherous, and many pioneers were met with disaster. Rattlesnakes, blizzards, confrontations with Native Americans, and starvation were just a few of the challenges they faced.
What did Mormon pioneers eat on the trail?
The typical pioneer diet consisted of corn-meal mush, white or navy beans, salt-rising bread, dried fruit (if they had it), and any meat they may get along the trail. Things that packed well like flour or beans were the staples. Often missing were fruits and vegetables that are needed for Vitamins A and C.
How many miles did the Mormon pioneers walk each day?
Average distance covered in a day was usually fifteen miles, but on a good day twenty could be traveled. 7:30 am: Men ride ahead on horses with shovels to clear out a path, if needed. “Nooning Time”: Animals and people stop to eat, drink and rest.
Which three trails began at the same place name that place?
Three of the Missouri-based routes—the Oregon, Mormon, and California Trails—were collectively known as the Emigrant Trails.
Why did the Mormon pioneers want to leave Nauvoo?
Violence and persecution sprang anew among the citizens of Illinois, and in 1844, Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were murdered during an anti-Mormon raid at a Carthage jail. Shortly after, under new leadership and duress, the Mormons left Nauvoo for a new home in the West.