Which of the following were church reformers in the sixteenth century?
Reformation, also called Protestant Reformation, the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century. Its greatest leaders undoubtedly were Martin Luther and John Calvin.
Which of the following does not belong in the Mass ordinary?
The words of the mass that are not from the Ordinary are called the Proper. These are words that may change in the service from day to day. The Proper consists of the Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Tract, Offertory and Communion.
Who was the most important Catholic reformer?
Martin Luther (1483-1546) was an Augustinian monk and university lecturer in Wittenberg when he composed his “95 Theses,” which protested the pope’s sale of reprieves from penance, or indulgences.
Which part of Mass ordinary is not in Latin?
The Kyrie, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei are part of every Mass. Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus are often sung, by a choir if not by the whole congregation. The Kyrie Eleison is a Greek text (traditionally rendered in Latin script), the others are in Latin, with some words like Hosanna derived from Hebrew.
Who was the greatest reformer?
In the context of the Reformation, Martin Luther was the first reformer (sharing his views publicly in 1517), followed by people like Andreas Karlstadt and Philip Melanchthon at Wittenberg, who promptly joined the new movement.
Why did Protestants split from Catholic Church?
The Reformation began in 1517 when a German monk called Martin Luther protested about the Catholic Church. His followers became known as Protestants. Many people and governments adopted the new Protestant ideas, while others remained faithful to the Catholic Church. This led to a split in the Church.
Why do Catholic call it mass?
Mass, the central act of worship of the Roman Catholic Church, which culminates in celebration of the sacrament of the Eucharist. The term mass is derived from the ecclesiastical Latin formula for the dismissal of the congregation: Ite, missa est (“Go, it is the sending [dismissal]”).
What is the proper mass?
The proper of the mass, strictly speaking, consists of the Introit, Gradual, Alleluia or Tract, Sequence, Offertory, and Communion – in other words, all the variable portions of a mass which are spoken or sung by the choir or the people.
Which of the following was a leader in the Protestant Reformation quizlet?
The Reformation’s leaders were Martin Luther and John Calvin, both educated as priests for the Catholic Church. The Reformation was a protest against perceived wrong doings by the Catholic Church. The followers of Luther and Calvin became known as Protestants, because of their “protesting.”
Why did Martin Luther disagree with indulgences?
Martin Luther disagreed with the Roman Catholic Church’s sale of indulgences to finance the construction of St. … Luther believed indulgences to be unbiblical because, he claimed, salvation came by grace through faith (Hebrews 10:38), not by a papal proclamation or indulgence.
What else did the Catholic Church do to stop the spread of Protestantism?
The catholic church tried to stop the spread of Protestantism by excommunicating, military repression and counter reformation. Explanation: Protestant Reformation began in Europe during the 16th century to challenge the religious and political practices of the Roman Catholic church.
What was a major reason for the Reformation?
Causes of Reformation. The start of the 16th century, many events led to the Protestant reformation. Clergy abuse caused people to begin criticizing the Catholic Church. The greed and scandalous lives of the clergy had created a split between them and the peasants.