What do the 5 Solas mean?
The five solae (from Latin, sola, lit. “alone”; occasionally Anglicized to five solas) of the Protestant Reformation are a foundational set of principles held by theologians and clergy to be central to the doctrine of salvation as taught by the Reformed branches of Protestantism.
What did Luther’s 95 Theses say?
The Ninety-Five Theses on the Power of Indulgences were written by Martin Luther in 1517 and are widely regarded as the primary means for the Protestant Reformation. … It especially defied the teachings of the Church on the nature of penance, the authority and power of the pope and the efficacy of indulgences.
What were the main reasons for Luther’s break with the Roman Catholic Church?
It was the year 1517 when the German monk Martin Luther pinned his 95 Theses to the door of his Catholic church, denouncing the Catholic sale of indulgences — pardons for sins — and questioning papal authority. That led to his excommunication and the start of the Protestant Reformation.
What did Martin Luther do when he was outlawed at the Wartburg?
He refused to recant and Emperor Charles V declared him an outlaw and a heretic. Luther went into hiding at Wartburg Castle. … In 1534, Luther published a complete translation of the bible into German, underlining his belief that people should be able to read it in their own language.
What was Luther’s biggest achievement at Wartburg Castle?
Luther’s biggest achievement at Wartburg Castle was the translation of the New Testament into German. This was ironic because while his translation was widely popular, only 4 to 5% of people in Germany were literate, most being in urban areas.