What sacraments did Martin Luther not believe in?
After clarifying the nature of God’s word of promise, Luther then justified his decision to reject penance, marriage, extreme unction, confirmation, and ordination as sacraments, at least in the way the Roman Church was practicing them.
What does Martin Luther say about the sacraments?
Basing his defense from the bible, Luther identifies only two sacraments as those that have spiritual benefit to Christians, that is, the last supper and baptism. While dismissing other sacraments, Luther proposed that these sacraments were only permissible when practiced as a rite among mankind.
What was Luther’s view of the sacraments of the Catholic Church?
What changes to church practices did Luther want? He rejected five of the seven “sacraments” of the Catholic church because the Bible did not mention them. He banned indulgences, confession, pilgrimages and prayers to saints. He simplified the elaborate ritual of the mass and instead emphasized the sermon.
What does Martin Luther say about communion?
Luther argued that rather than changing completely, the substance of the bread and wine coexists with the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist. Jesus Christ is present in, with, and under the bread and the wine whenever the Lord’s Supper is celebrated. The analogy people sometimes use is a sponge full of water.
How did Martin Luther change Holy Communion?
According to the Catholic Church, the miracle of Communion is transubstantiation—when the priest administers the bread and wine, they change (the prefix “trans” means to change) their substance into the body and blood of Christ. Luther denied this change during Holy Communion.
What did Luther argue about priests quizlet?
Martin Luther criticized the veneration of relics by Catholics. He thought that they were worshipping the relics, which would obviously be heretical. It is the requirement that all members of the clergy remain unmarried and celibate. … He was a German monk who questioned the Roman Catholic Church and wrote the 95 Theses.
The abusive trade in indulgences was a major catalyst of the Protestant Reformation. … While Protestant beliefs and practices differed widely, all were united in their rejection of papal authority and the dogmas of the Roman Catholic Church.